Take that Day Trip to Memphis

the colossal recumbent Ramesses II statue at Memphis, Egypt

the colossal recumbent Ramesses II statue at Memphis, Egypt

One of the most important cities of Ancient Egypt, Memphis was the capital of the unified country during the Early Dynastic and Old Kingdom periods, which lasted about 1,000 years in the 3rd millennium BCE. (As a point of reference – the famous pyramids at Giza were built during the Old Kingdom.) The city was founded by Menes (or Narmer? it’s unclear, they may be one in the same), who united the country and became its first pharaoh.

Located at the head of the Nile delta in the north of the country, Memphis was a major port city and commercial and religious center and remained so, for thousands of years after the capital moved south to Thebes (Luxor today).

Alexander the Great took Egypt in 332BCE and made himself king in the great Temple of Ptah in Memphis. When he died 9 years later in Babylon, his body was brought to Memphis and later moved to Alexandria, the city he established on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt. The location of his tomb is unknown today.

When Egypt became a Roman province in 30BCE, the commercial power of Memphis was eclipsed by Alexandria, which was more accessible to the rest of the empire.
When Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire in the 4th century CE, the city’s status as religious center was finished and it descended into ruin.

the sphinx at Memphis, Egypt

the sphinx at Memphis, Egypt

Today, Memphis is an open-air museum with scattered remains, including numerous temples, palaces, statues and a sphinx. Memphis is about 12 miles south of Cairo and is usually visited in conjunction with Sakkara, the necropolis of Memphis and site of the Step Pyramid, less than 2 miles away. Most of our Egypt tours include a visit to Memphis.

the Step Pyramid of Djoser

Located at Saqqara (Sakkara), about 20 miles southwest of Cairo, Egypt, the so-called Step Pyramid of Pyramid of Djoser, was built as the tomb of the pharaoh Djoser over 4,500 years ago. The building was designed by the revered architect, engineer and statesman Imhotep. He began with a simple mastaba, a common funeral monument shaped like a rectangular platform. Then he added five successively smaller mastabas one atop the other. The result was whole new type of building and a prototype of the far more famous monuments about 15 miles away – the Giza Pyramids. Saqqara was a necropolis for the ancient capital of Memphis for about 500 years in the 3rd millennium BCE. Even after the center of power shifted to the south, it remained an important burial site for thousands of years.

Most of our published tours to Egypt include a visit to Saqqara.

NAME THAT COUNTRY Episode 100!

The funerary temple of Djoser at Saqqara (Sakkara) pictured here was built nearly 5,000 years ago for one of the earliest kings of our mystery country.The area served as the burial grounds for the national capital at Memphis. Djoser’s nearby tomb was an architectural prototype of the world-famous royal tombs at Giza, some 15 miles to the north.

Can you name that county? 
See below for answers.

Continue reading

NAME THAT COUNTRY Episode 81

The stepped building pictured above, located at Sakkara (Saqqara), was built as the tomb of the ancient king Djoser over 4,500 years ago. The building was designed by the revered Imhotep, who, in addition to being a high-ranking statesman, was a brilliant engineer and architect. Imhotep began with a simple mastaba, a common funeral monument shaped like a rectangular platform. Then he added five successively smaller mastabas one atop the other. The result was whole new type of building and a prototype of the far more famous monuments about 15 miles away – the Giza Pyramids. This site was a necropolis for the ancient capital of Memphis for about 500 years in the 3rd millennium BCE. Even after the center of power shifted to the south, Sakkara remained an important burial site for thousands of years.

Can you name that country? 
See below for answers.

Continue reading

NAME THAT COUNTRY Episode 13

All the clues in this post refer to one Ya’lla Tours destination: Bahrain, Cuba, Egypt, Greece, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Turkey, or United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi and Dubai).

We’ll show you images of popular tourist sites in our mystery country, along with descriptions of those sites. Continue reading

Foto Friday – EGYPT

Here’s a little visual escape to Egypt for your Friday.

the pyramids of Giza, Egypt

the pyramids of Giza, Egypt

the Step Pyramid, Sakkara, Egypt

the Step Pyramid, Sakkara, Egypt

Recumbent Ramesses colossal statue, Memphis, Egypt

Recumbent Ramesses colossal statue, Memphis, Egypt

Mohammed Ali Mosque, Cairo, Egypt

Mohammed Ali Mosque, Cairo, Egypt

Hatshepsut Temple, near Luxor, Egypt

Hatshepsut Temple, near Luxor, Egypt

Karnak Temple, Luxor, Egypt

Karnak Temple, Luxor, Egypt

banks of the Nile, photo by Jason Hedrick

banks of the Nile, photo by Jason Hedrick

banks of the Nile

banks of the Nile

Enjoy the weekend!