Madam King: Hatshepsut of Egypt

Temple of Hatshepsut, near Luxor, Egypt

Temple of Hatshepsut, near Luxor, Egypt

Hatshepsut was the daughter of the early New Kingdom pharaoh Thutmose I and his queen. The only surviving son of Thutmose I was by a secondary wife. In terms of dynastic succession, this was not an ideal situation. Still, a son by a secondary wife, was better than a daughter by the queen. As was the custom, Hatshepsut married this son of a secondary wife, her 1/2 brother Thutmose II, and became his queen. Together, Hatshepsut and Thutmose II had one daughter, no sons. But Thutmose II did have a son with a lesser wife, just in the nick of time. When Thutmose II died, Queen Hatshepsut became regent for her infant stepson, Thutmose III. Continue reading


Pictured above is a mortuary temple built for the female king, Hatshepsut, who ruled some 3,500 years ago. She was among her country’s most successful rulers, reigning for over 21 years. The temple is located at the base of towering cliffs at Deir el-Bahri in the Theban necropolis, not far from the Valley of the Kings.

After her death, Hatshepsut’s successor had her image and name stricken from most monuments and she was lost to history until modern times.


Can you name that country? 
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